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Considering the potential of criminal profiling to combat hacking
Preuss J, Furnell SM, Papadaki M
Journal in Computer Virology, vol. 3, no. 2 pp135-141, 2007
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This paper outlines the results of a case study focusing upon hacking incidents in Germany. This work aims to identify behavioural aspects of hackers and their motives for the development of a Criminal Profile. Therefore cases of hacking incidents have been studied to find commonalities and differences for motives, as well as the Modus Operandi (MO). Cases that have been observed within this study are those in which the perpetrator had been identified in person. All cases have been provided by the Bundeskriminalamt (German Federal Criminal Police Office). A total of 12 cases are analysed, revealing a number of common traits in terms of hacker activity and the methods used. This study indicates that methods which have already been used years ago are still preferred methods today. In ten out of twelve cases the observed characteristics fit within in the stereotype of a Script Kiddie. Only two hackers differed regarding their motives compared to the Script Kiddie hackers, but a significant difference regarding their methods—the MO—could not be noticed. From the twelve cases under investigation a basic principle could be identified: the hackers take the path of the least effort. This reveals a clue for the fact that a different motive does not necessarily lead to different methods.

Preuss J, Furnell SM, Papadaki M